TROPICAL MAIZE SYNTHETICS BREEDING IN MOISTURE-STRESS TOLERANCE FOR SMALL-SCALE FARMERS IN BRAZILIAN SEMI ARID REGIONS

ELTO EUGENIO GOMES E GAMA, SIDNEY NETTO PARENTONI, FREDERICO OZANAN MACHADO DURÃES, CARLOS EDUARDO PRADO LEITE, MANOEL XAVIER DOS SANTOS, CLESO ANTÔNIO PATTO PACHECO, ANTÔNIO CARLOS DE OLIVEIRA

Resumo


The objective of this work was to evaluate 144 S2 progenies from each of two synthetic maize populations, Syndent and Synflint, from a breeding program for drought tolerance, to obtain synthetics with high yield potential and good agronomic performance in the semi-arid regions in Brazil. The 288 S2 progenies from the two synthetics were evaluated using a 12 x 12 lattice design with two replications in two conditions with water stress (WS) and non water stress (NS) in Janaúba, MG, Brazil, in 2000. The combining analysis of variance showed highly significant (P< 0.01) effects in environments and progenies and their interaction for Synflint, and significant ones (P< 0.05) in the interaction for Syndent. The estimates of the broad sense heritability of ear yield were: Synflint h2 = 0.382 and 0.752 for WS and NS, respectively; Syndent h2 = 0.607 and 0.635 for WS and NS, respectively. The genetic variance estimates were greater in NS than in WS environments. The error variance estimates were the greatest in WS x NS interaction for the two synthetics. The predicted responses to selection pointed out better gains for yield when selection is performed in NS rather than WS environments. Substantial variability exists in these two synthetics for drought tolerance and its characteristics, indicating that there is an opportunity for improving their tolerance via recurrent selection.


Palavras-chave


Zea mays L., sintético, seca, produção, milho.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18512/1980-6477/rbms.v3n01p%25p