VARIATION ON MAIZE GREEN EARS AND GRAIN YIELD IN RESPONSE TO WEED COMPETITION

PAULO SÉRGIO LIMA E SILVA, ANTONIO EDILBERTO DE SOUSA, JORGE KLEBER DE OLIVEIRA GOMES, JÚLIO CÉSAR DO VALE SILVA

Resumo


The objective of this study was to verify whether maize cultivars behave differently, in competition with weeds, to produce green ears and grain. Randomized complete block design was used, with split-plots and five replications. Cultivars AG 405, AG 2060, BA 8517, BA 9513, DKB 435 and EX 6005, applied to the plots, underwent the following treatments: without weeding and two weedings (22 and 41 days after planting). Only ten weed species were found in the experiment, many of which were gramineae. There was no difference among cultivars in relation to the number of weeds m-2. The number of weeds in the weeded plots (70.0 m-2) was superior to the one of the no-weeded plots (32.8 m-2). The cultivars only differed in grain yield when the weeds were controlled, with BA 8517 cultivar standing out as being superior. Therefore, the cultivars presented different reductions in grain yield with the presence of weeds suggesting that some (AG 405, BA 9513 and EX 6005) are more competitive than others against weeds. The weeds reduced green ears yield, in addition to 16 of the 26 evaluated characteristics, including some traits of the stalk, leaves, tassel, ear and grain.


Palavras-chave


Zea mays, rendimento de espigas verdes, milho verde, rendimento de grãos.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.18512/1980-6477/rbms.v6n01p%25p