ALTERNATIVES FOR OBTAINING DOUBLE CROSS MAIZE HYBRIDS

FAUSTO SOUZA SOBRINHO, MAGNO ANTÔNIO PATTO RAMALHO, JOÃO CÂNDIDO DE SOUZA

Resumo


In the search for an alternative to reduce the price of hybrid maize seeds the present experiment was carried out to compare the performance and variability among double cross hybrids (DC) derived from the F1 and F2 generations, and from intercrossed plants of the F2 generation of some single cross hybrids (SC). Experiments were carried out in two agricultural seasons. In the first, 1997-98, 42 double cross hybrids were obtained from seven commercial single cross hybrids, that is, 21 from F1 and 21 from F2 generations of the respective single cross hybrid. These hybrids were evaluated in three locations, in two experiments/location, one of them with DC hybrids from F1 generation, and the other with DC from F2. Four SC hybrids were used as controls in each experiment. In the 2000/2001 season 36 DC hybrids were evaluated, 15 derived from the F1 generation, 15 from the F2 generation of the same SC hybrids and six from the F2i generation. The 36 DC hybrids and six controls were evaluated in two locations. The grain yield of some DC hybrids was as high as the yield of the best SC hybrid recommended for the region. The double cross hybrids, from different origins, that is, the F1, F2 or F2i generations were similar in their yield performance and variability what shows that it is possible to reduce the cost of double cross hybrid seed production using the intercrossed population derived from the SC hybrid, so line multiplication is not needed nor does the SC F1 hybrid have to be obtained every year.


Palavras-chave


genética quantitativa;milho;híbrido duplo

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18512/1980-6477/rbms.v1n01p%25p